Series 4

The sculptures of Series 4 were Rubinoff’s most complex to date. These sixteen works are not constructed from simple straight planes like their predecessors, but from a dense arrangement of T-sections, triangular brackets, curves and double-curves, geometrical patterns and articulated negative spaces. They allude not to the purity and effervescence of line but to the teeth and cogs of machines. These powerful and accomplished artworks were critically acclaimed, and widely exhibited, at the time. They were shown at the Marlborough Gallery in New York, the Nathan Manilow Sculpture Park in Chicago, and at Queen’s Park and York University in Toronto.

Series 4-1

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1983, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 7ft   W 8ft   L 8ft

Evolving directly out of the final piece of Series 3, this first work in Series 4 also sets up straight T-section components in counterpoint to each other. The small triangular forms are actually welding supports, or gussets, which in the previous series had been removed. In Series 4, however, they become a crucial aesthetic innovation. In addition to generating polyrhythms, the gusset plates create a visual arrowhead direction within each T-section, breaking up the forms in highly complex ways.

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Evolving directly out of the final piece of Series 3, this first work in Series 4 also sets up straight T-section components in counterpoint to each other. The small triangular forms are actually welding supports, or gussets, which in the previous series had been removed. In Series 4, however, they become a crucial aesthetic innovation. In addition to generating polyrhythms, the gusset plates create a visual arrowhead direction within each T-section, breaking up the forms in highly complex ways.

Series 4-2

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1983, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 7ft   W 8ft   L 7ft

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Series 4-2

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1983, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 7ft   W 8ft   L 7ft

Rubinoff referred to this work as his “Turbine Piece.” Its main aesthetic innovation is the introduction of angled turns in the vector of the planes as they move through space. Until this piece, all of Rubinoff’s forms were built from straight lines. These geometrical undulations create an aperture at the centre of the work, masterfully shaped to echo the positive forms of the T-sections, that expands and contracts like an iris as the viewer circumambulates it. This highly accomplished sculpture was exhibited at the Marlborough Gallery in New York in 1984, and featured in the April 1984 edition of Art in America.

Series 4-3

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1983, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 7.5ft   W 8ft   L 8ft

In this, the third piece of the series, Rubinoff develops the angled vortex form pioneered in Series 3:2 by giving it greater spatial depth as circumscribed by the additional diagonal form sliding behind it. But perhaps the most significant innovation here is the folding of the T-sections upwards on both sides, with gussets angling in both directions, so that the planes begin to contain their own notional volumes. 
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In this, the third piece of the series, Rubinoff develops the angled vortex form pioneered in Series 3:2 by giving it greater spatial depth as circumscribed by the additional diagonal form sliding behind it. But perhaps the most significant innovation here is the folding of the T-sections upwards on both sides, with gussets angling in both directions, so that the planes begin to contain their own notional volumes. 

Series 4-4

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1984, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 7.5ft   W 8ft   L 7.5ft

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Series 4-4

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1984, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 7.5ft   W 8ft   L 7.5ft

The fourth work in the series is composed of three gussetted T-sections piled atop each other in ever more vertical trajectories, not unlike the method used in Series 3-1. They are joined by a highly complex fourth form, which employs the folding motif introduced in Series 4:3. Rubinoff here also experiments with a thin cut-away, which creates a graphic line through the middle of the COR-TEN plate, animated by its changing backgrounds. This sculpture was exhibited at the Marlborough Gallery in New York in 1984, and featured in the April 1984 edition of Art in America.

Series 4-5

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1984, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 6.5ft   W 9ft   L 8ft

The fifth sculpture in he series introduces a curvature into the T-section melody. Rubinoff fabricated the curves in this thick steel himself, by bending many thinner sheets of steel together with a winch, and laminating them together.

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The fifth sculpture in he series introduces a curvature into the T-section melody. Rubinoff fabricated the curves in this thick steel himself, by bending many thinner sheets of steel together with a winch, and laminating them together.

Series 4-6

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1984, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 8ft   W 8ft   L 8ft

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Series 4-6

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1984, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 8ft   W 8ft   L 8ft

The initial aesthetic concern of this series the development the language in form to evoke a sense of a dense interior life, with complex thoughts and emotions. Now what is added is an ambition their for their elevation. In contrast to the previous four works in this series, this sculpture has a gesture attempting to rise up onto it’s tripodal base.

Series 4-7

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1984, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 9ft   W 9ft   L 9ft

This sculpture features two three prominent negative spaces. Two are of similar arrow-like shape opposing eachother on roughly the horizontal axis. The third cuts in from the apex of the sculpture, a notch cut out forms a that  a visual vector points down. Thrusting upward to met it’s motion is an slighly large ‘positive’ version of the same shape. In this way Rubinoff creates counterpoint in along two direction of motion across both negative and postive spaces.

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This sculpture features two three prominent negative spaces. Two are of similar arrow-like shape opposing eachother on roughly the horizontal axis. The third cuts in from the apex of the sculpture, a notch cut out forms a that  a visual vector points down. Thrusting upward to met it’s motion is an slighly large ‘positive’ version of the same shape. In this way Rubinoff creates counterpoint in along two direction of motion across both negative and postive spaces.

Series 4-8

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1985, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 9ft   W 9ft   L 9ft

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Series 4-8

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1985, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 9ft   W 9ft   L 9ft

The eight piece in the series rises up confidently, and draws the viewers eye to the counterpoint between the positive and negative semicircular spaces near the apex of the composition.

Series 4-9

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1985, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 9ft   W 10ft   L 9ft

This sculpture introduces blending of the triangluar rhythmic gussets into T-Section itself. This compositional element is introduce in four places at the apex of Series 4-9.

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This sculpture introduces blending of the triangluar rhythmic gussets into T-Section itself. This compositional element is introduce in four places at the apex of Series 4-9.

Series 4-10

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1985, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 9.5ft   W 8ft   L 8ft

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Series 4-10

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1985, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 9.5ft   W 8ft   L 8ft

The tenth sculpture in the series continues to create a sense of lift, in contradiction to its massive size and volume. Notice how Rubinoff begins to use the thicker plate for the triangular gussets, and continues to blend them into the T-Section forms themselves. This creates a sense of two prominent arteries flowing up to the semicircular apex of the piece.

Series 4-11

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1985, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 8.5ft   W 8ft   L 8ft

Within this series, Rubinoff has thus far created ‘apex’ groupings which are either in the form of a truncated triangle, or a semi-circle. In the eleventh sculpture of series four, Rubinoff creates a two-headed apex, using both of these previous forms simultaneously.

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Within this series, Rubinoff has thus far created ‘apex’ groupings which are either in the form of a truncated triangle, or a semi-circle. In the eleventh sculpture of series four, Rubinoff creates a two-headed apex, using both of these previous forms simultaneously.

Series 4-12

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1986, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 6.5ft   W 8ft L 8ft

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Series 4-12

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1986, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 6.5ft   W 8ft L 8ft

In this work we see many of the aesthetic innovations of the series being compressed into a smaller volume. Retaining the thicker 1-inch plate gives the composition a denser texture. 

In this composition echos his previous sculpture, by employing both semi-circular apex group. However this time the truncated triangle is in negative space and pointing downwards. Both the semi-circule and the truncated triangle are ‘cupping’ or enclosing the space at the core of the sculpture. 

Series 4-13

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1986, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 7ft   W 8ft   L 8ft

In this work the concept of embracing or deliinateing a central space is continued, this time with three semi-circles. In this work, Rubinoff introduces a feminine form in the negative space at its centre. Tihs form will continue to appear in other Series through Rubinoff’s work.

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In this work the concept of embracing or deliinateing a central space is continued, this time with three semi-circles. In this work, Rubinoff introduces a feminine form in the negative space at its centre. Tihs form will continue to appear in other Series through Rubinoff’s work. 

Series 4-14

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1986, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 5.5ft   W 7.5ft   L 5ft

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Series 4-14

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1986, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 5.5ft   W 7.5ft   L 5ft

Series 4-15

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1986, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 7ft   W 5ft   L 4.5ft

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Series 4-16

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1986, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 8ft   W 8ft   L 8ft

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Series 4-16

Jeffrey Rubinoff

1986, A 242 Cor-ten steel – Welded plate, H 8ft   W 8ft   L 8ft

Rubinoff Collection Overview

Early Works

Series 1

Series 2

Series 3

Series 4

Series 5

Series 6

Series 7

Series 8

Series 9

Early Works

Series 1

Series 2

Series 3

Series 4

Series 5

Series 6

Series 7

Series 8

Series 9